Digital Watch for Women

Wristwatch for Women:

In the early 20th century, wristwatches were almost worn by the women, while men usually used only pocket watches.

The basic concept of the wristwatch goes back to production at the beginning of the 16th century.  Some people of this age say that the first wristwatch of the world was created by Abraham-Louis Breguet for Caroline Murat.

Elizabeth I England received a beautiful wristwatch in 1571 from Robert Dudley, described as an arm watch. Most of the watchmakers of the mid-nineteenth century produced a range of wristwatches and digital watches for girls. They also marketed the wristwatches as bracelets for women.

The very first wristwatches were worn by military men towards the end of the 19th century. It was very clear that the usage of pocket watches while in the heat of battle or while climbing on the mountains was impractical. Hence, Military officers began to strap the watches to their wrist.

In 1893, The Garstin Company of London patented a ‘Watch Wristlet’ although this Company was producing the same designs from the 1880s. It is very clear that the market for men’s Wristwatches was coming into being at the time.

The officers in the British Army began using the wristwatches in the 1880s when colonial military campaigns were going on. Later, they also began using wristwatches during the Anglo-Burma War of 1885.

During the Boer War, the use of Wristwatches subsequently became widespread among the Military officers class.

The early models of the wristwatches were slandered pocket watches that were fitted to a leather strap, but by the beginning of the 20th century, the manufacturers began producing purpose-built wristwatches.

In 1903, The Swiss Company panted a wristwatch designed with standard wire. The Swiss Company later became Rolex. In 1910, the Rolex wristwatch became the first wristwatch to receive the Certificate as a chronometer in Switzerland and it went on to win an award from Kew Observatory in 1914 in London.

Electric Watch

During the 1950s, the first generation of electric watches came out. These electric powered watches kept time with a balance wheel powered by Solenoid.

The hands were still moved by wheel train mechanically. In especially mechanical watches, the self-winding mechanism, break resistance ‘white metal’ main spring became standard.

At that time, the jewel craze caused ‘jewel inflation’ and such the watches produced up to 100 jewels.

Components of Digital Watch

Compensation of Temperature and Chronometers

The view of watches as scientific devices brought rapid advancement to their mechanism. During the same period, the development of accurate marine chronometers to determine longitude produced technical advancement and such the advancement later used in watches.

Later on, it was found that in the balance wheel, a major cause of the error was a change in elasticity. This problem was solved by the temperature compensated balance wheel was invented in 1765 and this was invented by Pierre Le Roy and it was improved by Thomas Earnshaw.

This type of balance wheel was having two semicircular arms that were of bimetallic construction. In this type, if this temperature rises, the arms bend inward slightly causing the wheel to rotate faster back and forth.

Such the temperature which could reduce temperature and also induced errors to a few seconds per day, with the passage of time gradually began to be used in watches over the next several years.

The more constant drive force over the watch’ running period as well as going barrel was invented by Jean-Antoine and the adoption of this force in the 19th century made the fusee obsolete.

Complicated pocket watches and astronomical watches with many functions and features were made during this period.

The Invention of Lever Escapement

This lever escapement, invented by Thomas Mudge in the year of 1759 and it was improved by Josiah Emery in the year of 1785 and Lever escapement gradually came into use from about 1800 onwards, chiefly in Britain. After some time, it was also adopted by Abraham-Louis.

By about 1900, the Lever was almost used in each and every type of watch made. In the Escapement, the escape wheel pushed on the T shaped lever which gave the wheel a specific push before releasing it.

The benefit of the lever was that it allowed the balance wheel to swing freely during most of its cycle. These types of watches were self-starting, so if the balance wheel was stopped then it would start again.

In the year 1702, Jewel bearings introduced quality watches in England. Watches of that period are characterized by their thinness. Latest innovation like as Lever escapement and cylinder allowed watches to become the watches much thinner than they had been in the past some years. This also caused a change in styles.

The thick pocket watches were thick and were based on the verge movement and it was also out of fashion at that time. Hence, such the watches are worn by the poor and were derisively referred to as ‘turnips’ and ‘onions’.

Balance Spring

Accuracy in watches occurred in the year 1657 with the addition of balance spring. This balance spring was attached to a balance wheel. The balance spring made the wheel a harmonic oscillator. Balance spring not only increased the accuracy but also reduced the errors of several hours per day.

The first thing that really improved with the help of balance spring was escapement. Cylinder escapement was invented by Thomas Tompion. The advantage of these escapements was that they gave a balanced push in the middle of the watch’s wing.

During this century, Robert Hooke allowed increasing in the production of the watch. The finishing and assembling were done in the 19th century only by hands.

Electrical Digital Watch

Hamilton Electric

Hamilton electric was the first electric watch and unlike the Quartz and the Bulova Accutron, this was the first movement to use a battery which was a source to oscillate the balance wheel.

Hamilton in the start released two models of the Electric. On January 3, 1957, the first was the Hamilton 500, which was produced in 1959. The Hamilton 505 was an improvement and it was more reliable.

Digital Pocket watches

The trend of the people totally changed in the 17th century and men began to wear their watches in their pockets instead of as pendants. The styles changed when Charles 2 of England introduced waistcoats.

The trend of keeping the watches in the pockets was also very useful because it kept secure the watches from all kinds of harm and so this technique proved very beneficial for the watches.

To fit the watches in the pocket, the shapes of the watches evolved into the shape of a typical pocket watch and these watches were also free from sharp edges. At the beginning of 1610, glass was not only used to cover the face of watch but it also protected the watch from cracking.

History of Digital Watch

History of Watches

In the 16th century, the history of Watches began. In the 15th century, watches evolved from spring-driven clocks which were easily portable.

From the 16th century to the 20th century, the digital watches for men which developed were mechanical devices. These watches were powered by wind, a mainspring in which we just turned gears by moving our hands.

This movement of hands gave power to the watches. In 1980th quartz watches were introduced. These watches are also known as Mechanical Watches.

These watches still sell in the market and are also in larger numbers as compare to the other old watches.

Clock-watch

With the invention of the mainspring, the portable timepieces made possible. In the 16th century beginning, the first timepiece was made to be worn in Germany.

These pieces were made in the cities of Germany as well as in Nuremberg and Augsburg. Clock master Peter Heinlein (1485-1542) is considered as the inventor of Watch.

He was one of the very first and finest German Craftsmen who made it possible to be worn the ornamental timepieces as pendants.

It made possible only because of Peter that people made able to be worn the first timepieces on the body

Peter Hele is still a young man. He is also one of the most learned Mathematicians.  He also shapes many wheeled-clocks out of many tiny bits of iron.

However other German clockmakers were working on the creation of miniature during this precious period but Heinlein is only the evidence.

Those clock-watches were worn on a chain around the neck and were also fastened to clothing. In the diameter of the watches, heavy drum shaped cylinders were fixed and their sizes were in several inches.

Such the watches had an hour hand. The faces of the watches were not covered with glass but these watches had hinged brass cover. These watches were pierced with grillwork so, without opening, the time could be read.

Screws began to be used after the year of 1550 but before this, the movement was originally made of Iron and steel and both the pieces were tapered with pins and wedges.

After this movement, most of the movements included not only striking but also the alarm mechanism.

They had to be wound normally two times a day. Later on, there was a trend for shaped-watches and also the clock-watches which were shaped with different decorations.

These decorations were made in the form of flowers, insect, fruit, and even skull.  In the early days, watches were not worn to tell the time. The accuracy of these watches was really so poor. These watches were having lots of problems with accuracy.

These watches were practically useless.  These watches were having errors for several hours a day. Such the watches were worn as jewelry or only for nobility.

At that time the Accuracy of the time of the watches was considered minor importance because people used the watches only as jewelry or for the nobility. In those days, accuracy was having very little importance for the people.