Wristwatch for Women:
In the early 20th century, wristwatches were almost worn by the women, while men usually used only pocket watches.
The basic concept of the wristwatch goes back to production at the beginning of the 16th century. Some people of this age say that the first wristwatch of the world was created by Abraham-Louis Breguet for Caroline Murat.
Elizabeth I England received a beautiful wristwatch in 1571 from Robert Dudley, described as an arm watch. Most of the watchmakers of the mid-nineteenth century produced a range of wristwatches and digital watches for girls. They also marketed the wristwatches as bracelets for women.
The very first wristwatches were worn by military men towards the end of the 19th century. It was very clear that the usage of pocket watches while in the heat of battle or while climbing on the mountains was impractical. Hence, Military officers began to strap the watches to their wrist.
In 1893, The Garstin Company of London patented a ‘Watch Wristlet’ although this Company was producing the same designs from the 1880s. It is very clear that the market for men’s Wristwatches was coming into being at the time.
The officers in the British Army began using the wristwatches in the 1880s when colonial military campaigns were going on. Later, they also began using wristwatches during the Anglo-Burma War of 1885.
The early models of the wristwatches were slandered pocket watches that were fitted to a leather strap, but by the beginning of the 20th century, the manufacturers began producing purpose-built wristwatches.
In 1903, The Swiss Company panted a wristwatch designed with standard wire. The Swiss Company later became Rolex. In 1910, the Rolex wristwatch became the first wristwatch to receive the Certificate as a chronometer in Switzerland and it went on to win an award from Kew Observatory in 1914 in London.
During the 1950s, the first generation of electric watches came out. These electric powered watches kept time with a balance wheel powered by Solenoid.
The hands were still moved by wheel train mechanically. In especially mechanical watches, the self-winding mechanism, break resistance ‘white metal’ main spring became standard.
At that time, the jewel craze caused ‘jewel inflation’ and such the watches produced up to 100 jewels.